RESPIRATORY FAILURE ASSOCIATED WITH DISTAL RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS IN AN OLDER ADULT WITH SOUTHEAST ASIAN OVALOCYTOSIS AND CONCOMITANT THYROTOXIC ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
Received 2022-03-19; Accepted 2022-06-01; Published 2023-01-15
Distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) is characterized by hyperchloremic hypokalemic metabolic acidosis, nephrocalcinosis and metabolic bone disease. It has been associated with Southeast Asian Ovalocytosis (SAO), particularly in malaria endemic region. We present a case of an older adult with dRTA who presented with respiratory failure as a result of hyperchloremic normal anion gap metabolic acidosis, in association with nephrocalcinosis and SAO, however, without hypokalaemia due to concurrent acute kidney injury. Oxygen therapy was able to be weaned off after treatment with alkali supplementation. Distal RTA may be associated with SAO, and early recognition and treatment of dRTA is paramount in preventing complications such as chronic kidney disease, metabolic bone disease and life-threatening respiratory arrest.
All authors agree that the article, if editorially accepted for publication, shall be licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 to allow others to freely access, copy and use research provided the author is correctly attributed, unless otherwise stated. All articles are available online without charge or other barriers to access. However, anyone wishing to reproduce large quantities of an article (250+) should inform the publisher. Any opinion expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not reflect that of the University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.