SELF-MANAGEMENT FACTORS RELATED TO HOTELS’ AND NIGHTCLUBS’ COMPLIANCE WITH LOCAL REGULATION (PERDA) ON SMOKE-FREE ENVIRONMENTS (SFE) IN BOGOR CITY

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Al Asyary
Meita Veruswati

Abstract

Introduction: Since 2009, Bogor City has implemented smoke-free environments (SFEs), making the commitment to protect people’s rights from smokers. However, the associated local regulation still has not been fully implemented, particularly in hotels and nightclubs. This study aimed to explore the characteristics of hotel and nightclub management in relation to compliance with the SFE local government regulation (Perda) in Bogor City. 


Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study, including structured interviews, was generated for the secretary of Bogor’s local government and Health Office. Compliance data were collected using an observation checklist with a structured questionnaire on hotel and nightclub management. 


Results: The results indicated that the compliance of hotels and nightclubs was low (44.9%). All the characteristics of the hotel and nightclub managers were not significantly related to the status of their compliance with the  SFE Perda. The managers’ knowledge was the factor most related to compliance with the implementation of the SFE Perda (ORadj = 6.6, 95% CI = 1.161-38.700). 


Conclusion: Poor socialization, improper targetting, and lack of law enforcement were the barriers to SFE Perda compliance in the hotels and nightclubs of Bogor City. A powerful strategy for regulation dissemination and sustainability, overseeing improvement at all levels, is essential for achieving SFE Perda compliance by hotel and nightclub management.

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Section
Research article