PARVOVIRUS B19 ASSOCIATED HAEMOPHAGOCYTIC LYMPHOHISTIOCYTISIS IN HEREDITARY SPHEROCYTOSIS PATIENT: A CASE REPORT
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a clinico-pathologic entity caused by increased proliferation and activation of benign macrophages with haemophagocytosis throughout the reticulo-endothelial system. Virus-associated HLH is a well-recognised entity. Although majority of parvovirus B19 associated HLH does not require any specific treatment and carries good prognosis, outcome of children is worse than adults. We report here a case of HLH associated with acute parvovirus B19 infection in a young healthy patient with underlying hereditary spherocytosis, with bone marrow findings typical of parvovirus infection. Although this patient had spontaneous recovery of cell counts, he succumbed due to complication from prolonged ventilation. Unexpectedly, his immunoglobulin levels were inappropriately normal despite on-going ventilator associated pneumonia, which reflects inadequate humoral immune response towards infection.
All authors agree that the article, if editorially accepted for publication, shall be licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 to allow others to freely access, copy and use research provided the author is correctly attributed, unless otherwise stated. All articles are available online without charge or other barriers to access. However, anyone wishing to reproduce large quantities of an article (250+) should inform the publisher. Any opinion expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not reflect that of the University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.