NET CHARGE, HYDROPHOBICITY AND SPECIFIC AMINO ACIDS CONTRIBUTE TO THE ACTIVITY OF ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have gained increasing attention as a potential candidate in the development of novel antimicrobial agent. Designing AMPs with enhanced antimicrobial activity while reducing the cell toxicity level is desired especially against the antibiotic-resistant microbes. Various approaches towards the design of AMPs have been described and physicochemical properties of AMPs represent the primary factors determining the antimicrobial potency of AMPs. The most common parameters include net charge and hydrophobicity, which greatly influence the antimicrobial activity of AMPs. Moreover, certain amino acids would have critical importance in affecting the antimicrobial activity as well as cell cytotoxicity of AMPS. In this review, net charge, hydrophobicity, and specific amino acid residues were discussed as factors contributing to the antimicrobial activity of AMPs.
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