CLAUSTROPHOBIA IN MRI: IS THERE A ROLE FOR DEXMEDETOMIDINE' AN OBSERVATIONAL CASE SERIES STUDY INVOLVING 11 PATIENTS
MRI can be a distressing and traumatic experience in many patients, especially in those with underlying anxiety and/or claustrophobia. We conducted a study to determine if dexmedetomidine as a sedative agent can alleviate these symptoms. Dexmedetomidine is a potent and highly selective Î±-2 adrenergic receptor agonist which has sedative and analgesic properties. Eleven adult patients (n=11) with a histroy of anxiety and/or claustrophobia undergoing MRI who expressed their desire for sedation were recruited. Dexmedetomidine was infused at 0.5 to 1.0 Î¼g/kg over 10 minutes prior to scanning. Eight patients (n=8) were able to complete the MRI scan comfortably. The findings suggest that dexmedetomidine provides adequate sedation that can allow patients with anxiety and/or claustrophobia to undergo MRI scanning succesfully in a large poproption of the population with anxiety. This result however is still preliminary and will need to be validated in a more robust clinical study.
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