CURRENT TREND AND RECENT DEVELOPMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD) – A REVIEW

Received 2022-03-25; Accepted 2022-09-22; Published 2022-12-31

Authors

  • Nordina Syamira Mahamad Shabudin Community Health Department, Advanced Medical and Dental Research Institute, University of Science, Malaysia.
  • Ahmad Naqib bin Shuid Community Health Department, Advanced Medical and Dental Research Institute, University of Science, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22452/jummec.sp2022no1.18

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that may appear early during childhood and lasts throughout a person’s life with different symptom severity. Not just that, ASD have also been associated with other neurological diseases such as intellectual disability (ID) and epilepsy. Genetic or environmental factors may play a role in the development of ASD. Research has shown that changes in specific genes may increase the chance of a child developing ASD. Specific environmental influences may also increase the risk of developing ASD. Most people often misinterpret ASD behaviors.  Families of patients with ASD often overlook ASD as a redundant disease that does not need proper medical attention. This situation might result from family’s ego state, lacking knowledge of ASD and the cost required for diagnosing and treating ASD patients. Lacking knowledge among people with ASD patient indicates that there is not much information about ASD. Thus, this review aims to disseminate knowledge and provide updates on ASD. This review will also highlight the challenges in screening techniques used to detect autism. This review will also discuss the possible risks of developing autism and recent advances in ASD related research.

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Published

2022-12-31

Issue

Section

Research article