PREVALENCE AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH NECK AND LOW BACK PAIN AMONG BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS IN THE KLANG VALLEY
Received 2021-08-19; Accepted 2022-03-23; Published 2022-10-11
Keywords:Breastfeeding, Musculoskeletal pain, Prevalence
The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months and continued breastfeeding for up to 2 years. Breastfeeding mothers adopt different breastfeeding techniques and positions which predispose various musculoskeletal pain. A cross-sectional study was aimed to identify the prevalence of neck and low back pain and its association with various factors (breastfeeding position, feeding side, mode, technique, duration and total breast-feeding sessions per day) among breastfeeding mothers in the Klang Valley. A validated self-administered questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence and associated factors of neck and low back pain. A total of 193 breastfeeding mothers responded to the questionnaire. The prevalence of neck and low back pain among breastfeeding mothers in the Klang Valley was 58% and 69.4%, respectively. There was no significant association between the prevalence of neck and low back pain with various risk factors as the p-values were > 0.05, except for significant association of total breastfeeding sessions per day for neck pain with p = 0.02. Musculoskeletal pain is common among breastfeeding mothers in the Klang Valley, with a higher prevalence of low back pain compared to neck pain.
All authors agree that the article, if editorially accepted for publication, shall be licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 to allow others to freely access, copy and use research provided the author is correctly attributed, unless otherwise stated. All articles are available online without charge or other barriers to access. However, anyone wishing to reproduce large quantities of an article (250+) should inform the publisher. Any opinion expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not reflect that of the University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.