AN UNUSUAL CASE OF PORTAL, SPLENIC AND MESENTERIC VENOUS THROMBOSIS PRESENTING WITH ACUTE ABDOMEN
Received 2019-04-11; Accepted 2019-05-11; Published 2019-05-29
Keywords:Acute Abdomen, Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis, Non-Cirrhotic Vein Thrombosis, Portal Vein Thrombosis, Splenic Vein Thrombosis
Porto-spleno-mesenteric vein thrombosis is a rare, life-threatening condition of extrahepatic portal venous system thrombosis. We report a rare case of a 49-year-old lady with late presentation of acute portal vein thrombosis in a non-cirrhotic liver with an incidental finding of left adnexal teratoma. She presented with a one-week history of severe abdominal pain associated with vomiting and diarrhea. She gave no history of prior risk for venous thromboembolism or liver diseases. Physical examination revealed a tender mass extending from suprapubic to left iliac fossa. Abdominal computed tomography scans showed a well-defined fatcontaining left adnexal mass, likely a benign teratoma, with no involvement of surrounding structures or calcification. There was evidence of porto-splenic-mesenteric vein thrombosis with liver infarction, bowel and splenic ischemia. Management of the extensive thrombosis causing multi-organ failure includes resuscitation, supportive care and treatment of thrombosis. Treatment options include early anticoagulation and if feasible, thrombolysis.
Keywords: Acute Abdomen, Mesenteric Vein Thrombosis, Non-Cirrhotic Vein Thrombosis, Portal Vein Thrombosis,Splenic Vein Thrombosis
All authors agree that the article, if editorially accepted for publication, shall be licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 to allow others to freely access, copy and use research provided the author is correctly attributed, unless otherwise stated. All articles are available online without charge or other barriers to access. However, anyone wishing to reproduce large quantities of an article (250+) should inform the publisher. Any opinion expressed in the articles are those of the authors and do not reflect that of the University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.